Sugar inside of the body is referred to as glucose. It’s the cell’s energy source, but type 2 diabetes prevents this from happening. Find out more here.
The charity Diabetes UK explained the condition comes about when the pancreas creates too little of the hormone insulin.
Or, the body may have become insulin resistant, meaning the cells no longer respond to the hormone.
Either way, insulin is meant to acts as the key to enable cells to absorb the sugar in the body.
Dysfunctional insulin, or not creating enough of it, causes blood sugars to rise.
A common sign of type 2 diabetes is fatigue, feeling extremely thirsty, rushing off to the loo a lot, and losing weight without trying to.
Eating fruit is considered to be one of the best things to support your health – as well as vegetables.
Fruit provides fibre, minerals and vitamins, and diabetics are encouraged to “check how often and how much fruit you are eating”.
When fruit is dried, the loss of water content leads to an even higher concentration of nutrients, as well as sugar.
Be wary of portion sizes when it comes to eating dried fruit, as eating too much could be frowned upon for diabetics.
One heaped tablespoon of raisins, currants or sultanas are equivalent to one portion of dried fruit.
One portion size can also be observed as bone tablespoon of mixed fruit, two figs, three prunes or one handful of dried banana chips.
The charity explained how some people with diabetes may mistakenly believe that fruit is best avoided.
This is simply not the case: the sugars in fruit don’t count towards “free sugars” – seen in cakes, biscuits and chocolate.
The sugar in fruits isn’t of concern, however “the amount of carbohydrate you eat has the biggest effect on your blood glucose levels after eating”.
To illustrate the difference between fresh and dried fruit, look at the example below.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, one cup of grapes (151 grams) contains 27.3 grams of carbohydrates.
By contrast, one cup of raisins (145 grams) contains 115 grams of carbohydrates – and that’s a big difference.
Diabetes UK noted how some people find it easy “to overdo the dried fruit”.
The charity advises diabetics to “spread your fruit intake throughout the day”.
This is to avoid eating lots of carbohydrates in one go, which could cause a spike in blood sugar readings.
Those who have type 2 diabetes should aim to have blood sugar levels below 8.5mmol/L for 90 minutes after eating.
Excessive blood sugar levels can cause complications, such as nerve damage and kidney disease.
If you’re struggling to keep your blood sugar levels in check, book an appointment with your GP.
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