Bed bugs are parasites which are easily picked up on trains, planes or in hotels, spreading into one’s home. It takes roughly around seven weeks for a bed bug to grow from an egg to an adult. There are four signs warning you may have a bed bug problem.
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When bed bugs bite an anticoagulant is injected which stops the blood from clotting.
When the bugs have commenceeding, the bites can continue to bleed.
Bed bugs have a hollow tube-like mouthpart known as the proboscis and they use this to suck up blood.
This is why a person may notice blood stains on sheets or pillowcases.
Seeing shells or casings from the bed bugs
Spotting shed skin in or around the bed is one of the biggest signs you may have a bed bug infestation.
This cast skin is the moulted exoskeleton of the bug and indicates a bed bug infestation may be happening in your home.
The moulting process leaves noticeable bed bug evidence which again can be found on your sheets or pillowcases.
Bed bugs develop through five stages of maturing before embarking on full adulthood and at each immature stage, bed bugs moult after a blood meal leaving their evidence behind.
A certain odour
Smelling an unusual smell emanating from the bedroom could mean you’re at risk of an infestation.
Terminix said: “Like many species of bugs, bed bugs release odours called pheromones.
“When a group of bed bugs gets disturbed, you may be able to smell that odour.
“Other smells could be a coriander smell, or a sweet, musty odour.”
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Noticing unusual debris in and around the bed
If you are not able to see any of the bed bugs, evidence may be noticeable on your bed sheets and mattress.
The types of evidence bed bugs leave behind include tiny brown spots which are their dried stools.
Other noticeable evidence includes blood spots which could occur after squashing them whilst sleeping.
There may also be mottled bed bug shells around the bed indicating you are not alone.
What to do if you notice any of these four warning signs
The first thing one needs to do if they suspect they have an infestation is to clean up all the places where they may be living.
Clean bedding, linens, curtains and clothing in hot water and dry them on the highest dryer setting.
Use a stiff brush to scrub mattress seams to remove bed bugs and their eggs
Vacuum the bed and surrounding area frequently
Encase mattress and box springs with a tightly woven cover to keep them out
Repair any cracks in the plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to ensure they can not get into the tiny spaces again.
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